After World War I, League of Nations was founded by the Treaty of Versailles then after world war II, the United Nations was signed on 24 October 1945 in San Francisco, California.
The UN charter of 1945 is the foundation treaty of the UN. The term UN was coined by US President Franklin d Roosevelt.
The objectives of the UN-
- To maintain international peace and security,
- To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for equal rights and self-determination of people.
- To promote cooperative economic, social cultural and humanitarian fields among Nations and promote respect for human resources and fundamental freedom of all.
- To act as a center harmonizing the action of nations in attaining these common ends.
To act as a multilateral international institution for all the countries around the world.
- Resolution to connect to the elimination of nuclear weapons in 1946.
- In 1951 the UN created the human commission for refugees.
- Maintaining peace and emphasis on development.
- Fought against apartheid, colonialism, and racial discrimination.
- Deployed UN peacekeeping mission.
- Established various organizations for the development of mankind and countries like the World Trade Organization, UNICEF, FAO, ILO, IMF, etc.
Compared to the League of Nations, it has been empowered during these 75 years, but lack of emphasis on certain issues like deteriorated security, efforts for peace became a massive setback, nuclear disarmament is almost forgotten, new technology, inequality, growing climatic issues and environment, etc.
These days the UN fails to cope with globalization, human rights, Animal rights, and cultural reserve which is an important thing for India since ancient times.
You cannot cut a tree just by hitting it once it has to be struck again and again and requires constant effort. In the same way, the world won’t survive if the global powers get hurt because the global trend has been changed.
The 1994 Rwanda Mission: During this undertaking, the U.N. tried to stop the Rwandan genocide, but the Hutus slaughtered nearly a million members of the Tutsi minority.
Sexual abuse allegations: In early 2005, U.N. peacekeepers were accused of rape/paying for sex in the Republic of Congo.
Crisis in South Sudan: A U.N. peacekeeping mission, which was established in 2011, was unsuccessful at protecting civilians from death, torture, or rape in South Sudan.
- After World War 2, Five members were sufficient to control but now the global trends have changed. So, it’s time to increase permanent members including India and Germany, etc.
- A change in institution and structure, as it is outdated. There was no world war in all these years. So, there should be a change in the fundamental structure.
- Issues like terrorism, pollution, racism must be raised with great interest.
- Participation by all countries to make a global governance institute.
It should be our concern that what element of that power is to be appreciated? Whether cruel military power or soft, economic power? And how can members together make sure that great power, who plays a controlling role in the United Nations, is forced upon to keep work within those frameworks of principle, so that balance of power and principle is maintained.
The theme for this year, “The future we want, the UN we need: Redefining our collective commitment to multilateralism”, reminds us of the UN’s core principle, multilateralism.
The UNSC (United Nations Security Council) is in desperate need of reforms. The sooner the reform takes place the better for the organization, if it does not reform it will be redundant.
So, the need of the hour is complete reform as far as the UN is concerned with making multilateralism more strong.
“ये मान लीजिए की आज जीवन का सबसे खूबसूरत दिन है।”.
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