A few months ago the whole world encountered this pandemic covid-19. The whole world locked down in their home but now it is slowly coming back to normal. People saw a beautiful change in the environment but now it is going back to normal, previous problems knocking on the door again. Delhi the national capital city of India, was very high in pollution which was increasing day by day. But with the presence of covid-19, we witnessed a drastic decrease in pollution and we saw a beautiful city again without pollution. But now everything is settling down and pollution is also increasing again.
Let’s know the causes of Delhi air pollution with the conversation of little kids Sonu and Monu.
“Can you see these are clouds” said Sonu
Monu “No! they are not clouds” and, pointed out that it is fog made out of pollution.
Do you know how harmful it is.?
No, why it is harmful and where it is coming from?
Let me explain you. Today I’ll let you know where it is coming from and why it is so harmful.
1. Stubble burning – Stubble burning is intentionally setting fire to the straw stubble that remains after grains, like paddy, wheat, etc., which have been harvested. It is prevalent since the 19th century, Although government banned burning it buut it is still in play. For example in Punjab and Haryana, farmers do this practice to save their time and money.
2. MNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005) – Launched in 2005 to provide guaranteed employment opportunities. This scheme is causing an increase in the use of stubble burning because the people are engaging in this scheme and then the farmers need to pay the high labor cost or bear them.
3. Thermal power plant– Within 300km of Delhi, there are a number of thermal power plants that are adding pollution. The harmful gases, smog, and waste from these plants are harming the environment and an important reason of increasing pollution too.
4. Delhi’s location- it’s a landlocked area. Wind flows here easterly and westernly which brings along pollution and rivers also get affected by this. In cities like Chennai and Bangalore which are situated in coastal areas, the presence of ocean water balances it.
Before covid-19 Delhi was a gas chamber, but itn reduced during lockdown, after unlocking again there is increase-in air pollution again.
It’s a big problem, what can we do to reduce this pollution? ” Monu explained.
“Yes, it’s a big problem but by taking some measures, the intensity will be reduced”, with a hope Monu said”
1. Organizing campaigns against the deadly smoke resulting from the thermal power plants.
2. State governments must interact with each other to take strict actions against stubble burning.
3. There should be strict emission norms for transportation.
4. With all precautions, proper sanitation, and facilities the use of public transportation must be increased to prevent private vehicles. If using private then the policy of odd-even must be followed
5. Introducing electric vehicles by providing subsidies to buyers and supports to enhance the use of it.
6. Citizen participation must be involved; it’s not only states concern but rather common people and NGO’s too.
By implementing such measures we can actually make it a green city” Said Monu
Yes, by this so. We will be able to live in a happy and lively environment, otherwise, the scenario might be worst in near future especially for our future generations.
“Sonu so you know what to do now, right?
Follow norms. Use public transportation. The campaign against industries to reduce water and air pollution”.with a smile Monu ended.
“ये मान लीजिए की आज जीवन का सबसे खूबसूरत दिन है।”.
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