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Campus Beat

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[Explained] What is happening in the Korean Peninsula

Suyash Varma

BySuyash Varma

Jun 24, 2020

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North Korea recently blew the Joint Liaison Office that was established for communication between North Korea and South Korea.

Why Did This Happen?

Activists in South Korea are sending anti-DPRK leaflets across the border to North Korea. Along with these propaganda leaflets, other items such as rice, medicines and Bibles have also been sent across by activists using balloons.

What Happened Next?

Following the demolition of the liaison office, North Korean state media KCNA announced that Pyongyang would be deploying troops in demilitarised areas, including in the Kaesong industrial zone.

History of Korean Conflict

On 9 August 1945, in the closing days of World War II, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan and advanced into Korea, at the request of the United States.

Though the Soviet declaration of war had been agreed by the Allies at the Yalta Conference, the US government had agreed with the Russian government earlier that the Soviet advance would stop at the 38th parallel, which it did.

The US government forces arrived a few weeks later and occupied the area south of the 38th parallel, including the capital, Seoul.

This was incorporated into General Order No. 1 to Japanese forces after the surrender of Japan on 15 August.

On 24 August, the Red Army entered Pyongyang and established a military government over Korea north of the parallel.

American forces landed in the south on 8 September and established the US Army Military Government in Korea.

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