India, the endorsed candidate from the Asia-Pacific States grouping, garnered 184 votes out of the total 192 polled in the Security Council elections gaining the non-permanent membership at the United Nation Security Council (UNSC).
The UNSC is composed of 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members. These 10 non-permanent members are further distributed among regions:
- 5 Seat from Asian and African Countries
- 1 Seat from Eastern European Countries
- 2 Seats from Latin America and Caribbean Countries
- 2 Seat from Western European and Other Countries
The election to the non-permanent seats are held every 2 years and a country has to get at least 2/3rd of the votes to win.
In the 2020 election, neither Kenya nor Djibouti could receive a majority. So, a re-election has been announced.
Prior to the UNSC election, India has released a campaign document named – New Orientation For Reformed Multilateral Systems (NORMS). This mainly focused on:
- Transparency in the mandate of UN Peacekeeping Mission
- Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism
- Joint Effort of UN Reforms and Security Council Expansion
The other reforms that are required in the UNSC are: the question of veto power, increase in regional representation, increase in the number of non-permanent members
Along with India, Norway, Ireland and Mexico will join the Security Council as the non-permanent members for a two-year term beginning January 1, 2021.
This is the eighth time that India will sit at the Council”s horseshoe-shaped table. Previously, India was elected for the years 1950-1951, 1967-1968, 1972-1973, 1977-1978, 1984-1985, 1991-1992 and most recently in 2011-2012.
Now that India has been inducted to UNSC, it should continue to pursue the multilateral agenda.